Disease State - Hypertension

There is a condition that affects as many as 50 million Americans and can lead to stroke, heart disease, and kidney failure, yet rarely shows any symptoms. It's called high blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension. The good news is that it is possible to prevent HBP and also to control it.

We all have blood pressure. When the heart pumps blood to all parts of the body, it creates pressure from the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. This pressure is called blood pressure.

When your healthcare provider takes your blood pressure, she places a cuff around your arm above your elbow, pumps air into the cuff, and records two measurements.

The first measurement is called the systolic pressure and it measures the pressure or force on the walls of the blood vessels as the heart is pumping or contracting with each heartbeat. This is the first number of the blood pressure reading and is the highest number.

The second measurement is called the diastolic pressure and it measures the lowest pressure the blood places on the walls of the blood vessels when the heart is relaxed between beats. This is the second number of the blood pressure reading and is the lowest.

Your blood pressure doesn't remain the same, changing constantly from day to day and moment to moment, according to your body's needs. Although, for some people blood pressure can be abnormally high and can cause health risks.

If the first number of the blood pressure reading (systolic pressure) is too high, it could indicate a strain on the blood vessels when the heart is attempting to pump blood into your bloodstream. If the second number (diastolic pressure) is too high, it could be an indication that the blood vessels have little time to relax between heartbeats.

The average blood pressure for an adult is 120/80, though a slightly higher or lower number may not be a problem. When the systolic blood pressure rises above 140, and the diastolic pressure rises above 90, some form of treatment is needed.

Lifestyle Modifications - Hypertension

There are changes you can make in your lifestyle that can help prevent high blood pressure.

Medications are available to help control high blood pressure.

Remember always consult your healthcare professional with any questions or concerns you may have regarding high blood pressure.

Family Issues - Hypertension

HBP is a common disorder and because of that, it is recommended that your have your blood pressure checked at least once a year.

There are factors that can increase a person's risk of developing HBP and they include:



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